Now Is the Time to Rejoice!

Always Give Thanks

Let There Be Light

Psalm 36:9

The Septuagint Psalter: Table of Contents and Links/Repost

For those who may be new to, I’ve decided to repost this master index of articles about hearing the voice of Christ in the Psalms.

This post has been a long time coming. I’ve gathered up nearly everything I’ve ever posted over the years concerning the Psalter. I am one small voice, a nobody in both the academic and church worlds. But this is my testimony. Christians have always encouraged Christians by sharing their testimonies. I hope that this life-love of mine will encourage others to move forward in their own reading of God’s Word. God wrote the Bible for the “nobodies” of this world to read and find his love and hope within its pages. You do not need experts to profit from God’s word. God’s Holy Spirit in your heart is the only expert you need. God bless you!


The text I use most often when writing about the Psalter is the Septuagint. Its numbering system differs from the numbering of most English language Bibles. The index below uses the Masoretic numbering system found in popular versions, such as the ESV, NIV, and NET, with the Septuagint number in parenthesis. Each of the article titles is a link to an article written by Christina Wilson on this site,

Bibliographies by This Author for These Articles

Christ in the Psalms: Bibliograpy

Christ in the Psalm: An Annotated Bibliography

Psalms by Number

1(1) Introduction to the Psalter

1(1) Headwater to the Psalter

1(1) If You Eat All That Candy, You’ll Get Worms in Your Stomach

1(1) Devotional

2(2) A Royal Psalm, Psalmic Prophecy, and Speech

2(2) Blessings to the King: An Apology (Apologia)

3(3) Does God Have Multiple Personalities?

4(4) Jesus’ Prayer Closet

4(4) A Peek Inside the Prayer Closet 

5(5) Defining Unrighteousness

6(6) Enter God’s Wrath

6(6) Penitential Psalms: Psalm 6

6(6) Penitential Psalms: The Amazing Psalm 6–Windup to the Pitch

6(6) Penitential Psalms: The Amazing Psalm 6 (continued)

7(7) Penitential Psalms: After Psalm 6–Psalms 7 and 8

7(7) Psalms 7 and 37: Dynamic Duo

8(8) Humanity in General or Christ in Particular?

8(8) Penitential Psalms: Psalm 8–Closing the Overture

9 and 10(9) Psalms 9 and 10: Justice

9 and 10(9) Psalms 9 and 10: A Reader’s Theater

11(10) See the sidebar explanation in “Psalms 9 and 10: Justice.”  Psalm “10” in the Septuagint is Psalm 11 in the Masoretic. I currently have no post for this psalm.

12(11) An Example of Reading Across Psalms for a Complete Messianic Portrait

13(12) Life as Paradox

15(14) God’s Take on Current Events

16(15 ) Running to God

17(16) God’s Son Has Been There, Done That

17(16) Connections: Psalms 47 and 17

18(17) Original Paraphrase–Papa Roars and Rescues

18(17) Up from the Grave He Arose! Psalms 18 and 118

18(17) Triplet of Psalms: 8, 88, 118

18(17) Resurrection

18(17) Devotional: Turning Back to Thank and Praise the Lord

21(19) A Structural Analysis

21(20) Devotional: Jesus’ Victory Is Our Victory

22(21) Dialogue in Psalm 22

22(21) Psalms 22, 38, and 88: Which Are Messianic?

22(21) Sisters: Psalms 22 and 102

24(23) Psalm 24: Formal and Boring? Or Dramatic and Exciting? 

25(24) Change of Person and Multiple Speakers

25(24) God Is Invitation

25(24) Psalms 25 and 26: Guilty or Innocent?

26(25) Psalms 25 and 26: Guilty or Innocent? 

28(27) Why the Septuagint? Part 1–Background

28(27) Why the Septuagint? Part 2–Specifics and an Exhortation

30(29):5 Weeping May Last for the Night…But Joy!

30(29):5 Weeping Replaced by Joy: Psalm 30:5

30(29) The King Rejoices Over His Resurrection

32(31) Penitential Psalms: Psalm 32–How Could Christ Pray the Words of a Sinner?

32(31) Penitential Psalms: Psalm 32–Grace

33(32) A Criticism of NET Word Choice in Psalm 33:6 

33(32) For Lovers of God

37(36) Psalms 7 and 37: Dynamic Duo

37(36) Psalm 37:23-24 Devotional: When Christians Fail

38(37) Psalms 22, 38, and 88: Which Are Messianic?

38(37) Penitential Psalms: Psalm 38–Christ’s Passion Speaks Loudly

42(41) Love Letter from the Cross

42(41) An Example of Reading Across Psalms for a Complete Messianic Portrait

43(42) Rejection

47(46) Connections: Psalms 47 and 17

51(50) Penitential Psalms: A Personal God of Love

52(51) Good Versus Evil Defined

56-60(55-59) Psalms 56-60: A Packet–The Superscriptions

56-60(55-59) Psalms 56-60: “For the End”–Its New Testament Meaning

56(55) Psalms 56-60: A Packet–Psalm 56 

57(56) Psalms 56-60: A Packet–Psalm 57 Let All Peoples Rejoice!

58(57) Psalms 56-60: A Packet–Psalm 58 Enter Judgment

59(58) Psalms 56-60: A Packet–Psalm 59 

60(59) Psalms 56-60: A Packet–Psalm 60 Restoration of Israel

68(67):1-6 A Harry Potter Kind of Celebration

72(71) An Example of Reading Across Psalms for a Complete Messianic Portrait

77(76) Discouragement that Leads to Hope 

82(81) God Favors the Poor and Needy

88(87) Psalms 22, 38, and 88: Which Are Messianic?

88(87) Psalm 88: The Sorrows of Our Lord Jesus Christ

88(87) A Tenebrae Psalm

88(87) Triplet of Psalms: 8, 88, 118

89(88) A Short Devotional

89(88) History to the Foot of the Cross

100(99) Thanksgiving Day in Psalms

102(101) An Example of Reading Across Psalms for a Complete Messianic Portrait

102(101) Sister of Psalm 22: Psalm 102

102(101) Penitential Psalms: Psalm 102 Devotional

102(101) Penitential Psalms: Psalm 102–Summary of Its Dialogic Structure

102(101) Penitential Psalms: Psalm 102–God’s Son Speaks: Technical Background

102(101) Penitential Psalms: Psalm 102–Who Is Speaking?

102(101) Penitential Psalms: Psalm 102–Why Penitential?

103(102) Bless the Lord, O My Soul!

103(102) Psalm 103 in Big Sycamore

107(106) Gone Fishing

116(115) Psalm 116:1-9–Simple and Beautiful; Beautifully Simple

116(115) Christ Loves the Father 

116(115):11 All Mankind Are Liars 

118(117) Up from the Grave He Arose! Psalms 18 and 118

118(117) Triplet of Psalms: 18, 88, 118

121(120) Psalm 121

130(129) Penitential Psalms: Psalm 130–Praying from the Grave

130(129) Waiting Out the Storm: Psalm 130

132(131) An Example of Reading Across Psalms for a Complete Messianic Portrait

132(131) Intercession and Divine Speech 

132(131) Concrete-Literal and Spiritual-Literal

137(136) Biblically Sanctioned Violence?

142(141) You Are Not Alone–Help Is on Its Way 

143(142) Penitential Psalms: Psalm 143–Knowing Who We Are in Christ

146(145) When Humankind Fails Us

Overviews of Psalms and How to Read Scripture

Why I Write About Psalms 

What Are Psalms?

Engaging Spiritual Battle: Psalms’ Prophetic Prayers and Praises

Psalms and the Message of the Bible: A Word about Themes

Psalms Are Interactive

What Do Authors Say About Christ in Psalms?

Psalms Bible Study: Introduction

Are People Writing and Singing Psalms Today?: One Popular Example

My Take on God as He Appears in Psalms

Psalms as Prayers of Christ

Psalms as Jigsaw Puzzle

Why a Jigsaw Puzzle?

Psalms: Poetic Prophecy

Which Bible Should I Use?

The Holy Spirit in the Reader

Intellectual Assent Versus Desire 

Pursue Your Hunger

God Is Willing to Talk to You

Bible Study at Home: A Simple How-To

A Hebrew Poetic Couplet: John 3 and 4–Section 2, Jesus Evangelizes a Rabbi

A Hebrew Poetic Couplet: John 3 and 4–Section 1, Jesus Evangelizes a Sinful Woman

How Could a Loving God Allow This?

Gramma, How Do You Know That God Exists?

Primer: How Do I Know that God Is Real?

What Profit Is There in Reading a Devotional Written by Another?

Poverty of Spirit as Psychic Pain

Thanksgiving Day in Psalms

Penitential Psalms

The Penitential Psalms: A Fresh Look

Penitential Psalms: A Big Mix-Up?

Penitential Psalms: Psalm 6

Penitential Psalms: The Amazing Psalm 6–Windup to the Pitch

Penitential Psalms: The Amazing Psalm 6 (continued)

Penitential Psalms: After Psalm 6–Psalms 7 and 8

Penitential Psalms: Psalm 8–Closing the Overture

Penitential Psalms: Psalm 32–How Could Christ Pray the Words of a Sinner?

Penitential Psalms: Psalm 32–Grace

Penitential Psalms: Psalm 38–Christ’s Passion Speaks Loudly

Penitential Psalms: Psalm 51–A Personal God of Love

Penitential Psalms–Psalm 102: Why Penitential?

Penitential Psalms: Psalm 102–Who Is Speaking?

Penitential Psalms: Psalm 102–God’s Son Speaks: Technical Background

Penitential Psalms: Psalm 102–Summary of Its Dialogic Structure

Penitential Psalms: Psalm 102–Devotional

Penitential Psalms: Psalm 130–Praying from the Grave

Penitential Psalms: Psalm 143–Knowing Who We Are in Christ

Penitential Psalms: Conclusion 




Learning to Walk

Christina Wilson

A Biblical Challenge to White Evangelical Christians

George Floyd and Police. Photographer Unknown

Jesus, Lord, help us to repent.

John 13:35 By this all people will know that you are my disciples, if you have love for one another.” 

Luke 10:30 Jesus replied, “A man was going down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and he fell among robbers, who stripped him and beat him and departed, leaving him half dead.
31 Now by chance a priest was going down that road, and when he saw him he passed by on the other side.
32 So likewise a Levite, when he came to the place and saw him, passed by on the other side.

In general, broadly speaking, knowing there are exceptions, but as a basic principle, hasn’t white evangelical America played the role of the priest and Levite in the story of the Good Samaritan? Ever since the very beginning when we pushed the native Americans to the driest, most barren parts of our country with a sigh of “Good riddance,” haven’t good, Christian, church-going white people been ignoring the plight of people of color in our country?

The priest and the Levite did nothing to harm the Samaritan who had been attacked, beaten, robbed, and left for dead by the side of the road. They didn’t throw a stone at him or kick him out of the path. Their sin was that they saw, they witnessed, they understood, and they chose to ignore. They probably said their prayers that night.

Perhaps Trump’s Christian base made an honest error in electing him the first time. But in the wake of all the violent murders, beatings, and oppression by rogue policemen in our country, not just now with the slaying of George Floyd, but the year before that, and the year before that, and the year before that…all the way back to the 1600’s, how can we possibly elect a man for a second term whose mouth spouts hatred, insults, and lies against our fellow human beings with every other tweet? We need to repent on our knees before God, confess our sin of indifference, and elect people at the national, state, and local levels who not only promise to change the culture of policing in America, but people who will actually do it.

And on a personal level, what can white evangelical Christians do? Just for starters, speak out. Call a spade a spade. Don’t tolerate the kind of language we hear from our President on a daily basis. Don’t vote for him. Vote for someone else. Don’t remain silent when you hear your neighbors disparage people of other colors, races, religion, nationality, and cultural mores. Jesus did not appoint us to judge others–he appointed us to love. Write letters to elected officials, including the chief of police in your community when you hear of atrocities. Don’t vote for offenders a second time. Require accountability from policemen.

And what about the aborted unborn? Don’t use them as a scapegoat to excuse our blind eye toward the unjust violence against entire races of people around us. Attend rallies, join a pro-life group, such as 40 Days for Life, buy tickets to movies such as, “Unplanned,” for all your neighbors and your church’s youth group, support your local charities with diapers, baby blankets, clothes, and words of encouragement and love for women without supportive homes for their newborns. Donate. We don’t need a foul-mouthed president in our fight against abortion. Especially when the world he espouses is dangerous for all children and adults not exactly like himself.

Don’t fall for the other excuse that says, “But most policemen are good people who do their jobs well.” That’s a cop-out. If a medical doctor intentionally murdered a patient, would you say, “We can’t discipline him and change the rules because most doctors are good people who do their jobs well?” If you happened to go to a sadist dentist who tricked you into a tooth extraction without medication, would you protect him from all accountability by saying, “Most dentists are great people who do their jobs well?” No, that particular doctor needs to be punished, that particular dentist needs to have his license stripped, and that particular policeman needs to be fired and held accountable in a just court of civil law.

To “love our neighbor” means we need to leave our zones of comfort and actually DO something. We need to stoop, bend, lift, carry, and pay for. Only then will America begin to heal.

Father, forgive ME, for I have sinned. I helped kill George Floyd. Help ME to do better.








Poster for Psalm 103:1–Bless the Lord, O My Soul

Christina Wilson


As I spent a few hours outside yesterday, here and in a nearby neighborhood of somewhat older homes (my favorite kind), I heard the kids playing and smelled the luscious food cooking on the grills. These took me back to positive memories of my childhood of similar family gatherings, including my favorite foods my mom always brought to picnics. When I got home again, I suddenly realized that I hadn’t thought of C___ you know what for all that time.
What I especially enjoyed was not even remembering the great divisions that torture our country right now. As families celebrate Memorial Day with outdoor picnics and children screaming and running as they play, we are reminded how very much we have in common. May the current divisions not be permanent, O Lord. In the meantime, this photo is what the day produced.


Son of His Love: Colossians 1:13


Photo by Christina Wilson

The Point: Colossians 1:13b is a unique phrase in all of Scripture. Wow! For this reason, however, translators aren’t quite sure what to do with it. As you read below, you will see my reasons for suggesting that all of the translations capture a portion of this segment, while only an exactly literal translation captures the totality. Jesus is the embodiment, the exact image, of everything anyone could ever say about the love of God. Christ is the object of God’s love, as well as the subject. He is the recipient as well as the giver. Everything we know about Christ reveals (expresses) the love of God his Father, both for Christ and from Christ and towards us, his people. (Disclaimer: It gets a bit technical, so that is why I’ve summed it all up here as, “The Point.”)

Most translations of Colossians 1:13b read, “kingdom of his beloved Son,” as in the ESV, or, “kingdom of the Son he loves,” as in the NIV and NET. Alternatively, both the NKJ and and the much older ASV (1901) read, “kingdom of the Son of his love.” The interlinear, literal translation portion of Marshall’s Greek-English New Testament reads, “kingdom of the Son of the love of him,” an exact correspondence with the Greek. My thesis is that the translation, “Son of his love,” though older, still recommends itself as a strong possibility based on evidence from context and comparison with the Greek structure of other biblical verses concerning God’s love and his Son.

The phrase in Colossians 1:13b reads in Greek, “τὴν βασιλείαν τοῦ υἱοῦ τῆς ἀγάπης αὐτοῦ.” This phrase is unique to the entire Bible, as well as the portions that read, “τοῦ υἱοῦ τῆς ἀγάπης,” and “τῆς ἀγάπης αὐτοῦ.” The phrase “his beloved Son” in English translations, including the ESV, NAU, and “dear Son” in the KJV, occurs only in Colossians 1:13. The English phrase Son he loves occurs only in Colossians 1:13. That this Greek construction is so unique accounts for the imprecision in its translation.

The English phrase “my beloved Son” occurs nine times in the KJV and seven times in the ESV. The corresponding “my Son, whom I love” (NIV) occurs eight times, all in the New Testament, and only in the NIV. The Greek construction corresponding to “my beloved Son” differs entirely from the Greek construction of  “the Son of his love.” “My beloved Son” with a capital “S” is “ὁ υἱός μου ὁ ἀγαπητός” in six of the seven instances of its occurrence in the Bible, all of which occur in the New Testament (1). There is also one occurrence of the same construction in the accusative (Luke 20:13). “The Son of his love” in Greek, as noted above, is “τοῦ υἱοῦ τῆς ἀγάπης αὐτοῦ,” and also as noted above, is unique to all of Scripture.

In the genitive, the Greek word for love, “ἀγάπης,” occurs twenty-one times in the Bible, three of these in the Septuagint and the remaining eighteen in the New Testament. Two of the Septuagint references occur in Song of Solomon and the third in Jeremiah. All of the New Testament occurrences are in the epistles. Of all the occurrences of “ἀγάπης,” the one in Colossians 1:13 is the only one that occurs in close proximity to mention of Christ as God’s Son. Of the eighteen New Testament occurrences of the phrase “ἀγάπης,” only that in 2 Corinthians 13:11, “ὁ θεὸς τῆς ἀγάπης καὶ εἰρήνης,”  displays a structure similar to the phrase in Colossians 1:13, “τοῦ υἱοῦ τῆς ἀγάπης αὐτοῦ.”

Wallace in Greek Beyond the Basics (107) identifies 2 Corinthians 13:11 as a possible example of a genitive of product, that is, a product which is produced by the head noun. If this is so, then the phrase could be translated as, “the God who produces love and peace,” which suits the context nicely. Since the Greek phrase in 2 Corinthians is the only phrase in all of Scripture that uses ἀγάπης in a structure similar to that found in Colossians 1:13–and both verses are Pauline–it appears reasonable to consider that the genitive in Colossians might carry a meaning similar to the one found in 2 Corinthians. If this were the case, the  translation might read, “the Son who produces his [the Father’s] love.”

There is another quite different sense for the phrase, “of the Son of his love,” a sense which is also rare in Scripture. The phrase “the son who is characterized by such-and-such a quality,” captures the essence of this further meaning. Illustrations are found in John 17:12 and 2 Thessalonians 2:3, where the phrase in question is, “the son of destruction,” or, “ὁ υἱὸς τῆς ἀπωλείας.” Acts 4:36 provides another example in the phrase “son of encouragement,” or “υἱὸς παρακλήσεως.” Such a meaning for “τοῦ υἱοῦ τῆς ἀγάπης αὐτοῦ,” or paraphrased, “of the Son who is characterized by and embodies the love of the Father,” fits well with the meaning of the entire verse in which the domain of darkness is contrasted with the kingdom of the Son of God, who is characterized by and embodies the Father’s love.

Summary: For all of the above reasons, I prefer to translate Colossians 1:13b as, “He delivered us from the power of darkness and transferred us to the kingdom of the Son of his love. (Colossians 1:13 NET, except for the underlined portion) 


1 The seventh KJV occurrence of “my beloved Son” occurs in Luke 9:35. It is ὁ υἱός μου ὁ ἐκλελεγμένος, or my Son, the chosen One.


Sweet Peppers, Cashews, and Peaches Over Rice

Start with your white rice, reheated okay. Sauté with a small portion of cashews. Add sweet peppers you just steamed, and lastly, a generous amount of canned peaches with their juice. The peaches should be about 1/5 the total bulk. Serve on a plate with a tablespoon of spicy chili on top for a modest, low calorie, pick-me-up hot lunch.

This recipe reminds us that Christians should find that perfect balance of sweetness and spice.

Matthew 5:13 (ESV) “You are the salt of the earth, but if salt has lost its taste, how shall its saltiness be restored? It is no longer good for anything except to be thrown out and trampled under people’s feet.”

Mushroom, Asparagus, Spinach, Alfredo Omelette

John 6:35 Jesus said to them, “I am the bread of life; whoever comes to me shall not hunger, and whoever believes in me shall never thirst.  God Our Father

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